Course title

Biology - VIRTUAL


Physical Science

Course description

Course Syllabus

Description: The Biology course guides students through the study of living and non-living systems and how they interact with one another. Students explore the world they live in by posing questions and seeking answers through scientific inquiry. Discovery takes place through observation and data collection. The students will be introduced to the structure, function, diversity, and evolution of living matter. This is a course with real relevance. It encourages curiosity and provides opportunity for students to work on hands on lab activities and develop relationships through collaboratively learning. Engaging in the study of biological science broadens the picture of the world around us.

Estimated Completion Time: 2 segments / 32–36 weeks Wetlab - 1-2 hours/week

Major Topics and Concepts:Segment One:

Foundations of Biology:

  • Science processes
  • Observations and inferences
  • Historical frame of reference—scientists and explorers
  • Theory vs. law, science vs. pseudoscience
  • Properties of Carbon Atoms
  • Carbohydrates/Proteins/Lipids/Nucleic Acids
  • The origin of life on Earth
  • Universal genetic code
  • Anaerobic respiration (Honors)
  • Discovery of cells

Life's Origins:

  • Technology/Microscopes
  • Properties of water
  • Cell Theory
  • Theory of Endosymbiosis (Honors)
  • Cell Membrane
  • Osmosis/Diffusion
  • Active Transport
  • Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
  • Comparison of plant and animal cells
  • Energy and ATP
  • Cell Respiration
  • Fermentation
  • Glycolysis
  • Krebs cycle/Calvin cycle
  • Stages of Photosynthesis
  • Light Dependent/Independent Reactions

Cell Reproduction:

  • Cell Cycle
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis
  • Binary Fission (Honors)
  • Cancer
  • History of Genetics
  • Discovery of DNA and its role in genetics and heredity
  • Principles of Genetics and Heredity
  • Mutations
  • Biotechnology

Earth's Diversity:

  • Levels of Organization
  • Biotic and Abiotic Factors
  • Energy in the Ecosystem
  • Food Chains and Food Webs
  • Climate/Climate Zones
  • Biomes
  • Marine Ecosystems
  • Habitat/Niche
  • Successions
  • Populations
  • Threats to Biodiversity
  • Air/Water Quality
  • Human Population growth
  • Cycling Matter
  • Making Informed Decisions
  • Earth's Hydrologic and Biogeochemical cycles (Honors)

Segment Two:

Scientific Connections:

  • Theories on Evolution
  • Catastrophism/Gradualism/Uniformitarianism
  • Evidence of Evolution
  • Artificial Selection
  • Natural Selection
  • Patterns of Evolution
  • Primate Evolution
  • Molecular Evolution (Honors)

Classification and Diversity:

  • Classification Systems
  • Introduction to the kingdoms of life
  • Taxonomy of bacteria
  • Viruses vs. bacteria
  • Taxonomy of protists
  • General characteristics of protists
  • Taxonomy of Fungi
  • General characteristics of fungi
  • Taxonomy of plants
  • Adaptations of plants
  • Structure and function in plants
  • Importance of plants
  • Plant reproduction, pollination
  • Fruits, seeds, seed dispersal
  • Taxonomy of animals
  • Characteristics of invertebrates
  • Characteristics of vertebrates

Human Body Systems:

  • Nervous and Endocrine Systems
  • Respiratory and Circulatory Systems
  • Digestive and Excretory Systems
  • Muscular/Skeletal/Integumentary Systems
  • Reproductive System
  • Immune System

Course Assessment and Participation Requirements:

To achieve success, students are expected to submit work in each course weekly. Students can learn at their own pace; however, “any pace” still means that students must make progress in the course every week. To measure learning, students complete self-checks, practice lessons, multiple choice questions, projects, discussion-based assessments, and discussions. Students are expected to maintain regular contact with instructors; the minimum requirement is monthly. When instructors, students, and parents work together, students are successful.

Course MaterialsStudent-Supplied Lab Materials:

Students need to supply the following materials to complete the coursework.

Segment One


  • Materials for student-designed laboratory set-up in lesson Properties of Water (materials will vary)


  • raw egg
  • string or thread or yarn
  • ruler
  • white vinegar
  • tap water
  • syrup
  • jar with a lid (like a mayonnaise jar)


Segment Two


  • timer or watch that counts seconds
  • sink
  • blindfold
  • washable paint or food coloring
  • paper towels
  • soap


Newspaper to protect the work surface

It is important to note that in addition to hands on labs using the materials listed above there are also virtual labs in which students use virtual environments and equipment to simulate wet labs. These labs are substituted in cases where a student would not have access to equipment needed for the lab and/or the lab would be too dangerous for the student to do in an unsupervised environment.

School country

United States

School state


School city


High school

Fayetteville Virtual Academy

School / district Address

300 S. Ray, Fayetteville, AR

School zip code


Requested competency code

Lab Science

Date submitted



Approved competency code

  • LBIO
  • Biology

Approved date

Online / Virtual