Course title

PHYSICS ? VL 1-2 (Virtual Edgenuity)



Course description

Instruction occurs through Edgenuity; but students report to the site to perform the hands-on lab experiments in-person.†

In addition to science; Physics-VL 1-2 contains significant math content and can satisy either a lab science or 4th year math credit.

Physics 1-2 VL is a laboratory science course designed for students who†may go to college. Topics include: motion; forces; energy; waves; light;†electricity; magnetism; radioactivity; mechanical energy; nuclear physics†and alternative energy sources. Major concepts are introduced through†laboratory experiences.

Math Content: Precalculus with Physical Applications (Physics)

Arizona Math Standards

  • N-RN: The Real Number System
    • HS.N-RN.A.2. Rewrite expressions involving radicals and rational exponents using the properties of exponents.††
      • Example: Use the rational exponent (1/2) instead of a square root when typing in velocity formulas into a graphing calculator.
  • N-Q: Quantities
    • HS.N-Q.A.1. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.††
      • Example: Use unit analysis when deriving physical formulas such as centripetal acceleration. HS.N-Q.A.2. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
      • Example: Using meters to estimate and measure distance; comparing Joules (SI unit) with known energy outputs.
    • HS.N-Q.A.3. Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.
      • Example: Using significant figures to appropriately round answers based on the accuracy of data provided by the problem or experiment.
  • N-CN: The Complex Number System
    • HS.N-CN.C.7. Solve quadratic equations with real coefficients that have complex solutions. Example: Solving the distance equation when modeling parabolic motion: x(t) = -(1/2)gt^2 + vt + x0.
  • N-VM: Vector and Matrix Quantities
    • HS.N-VM.A.1. Recognize vector quantities as having both magnitude and direction. Represent vector quantities by directed line segments; and use appropriate symbols for vectors and their magnitudes (e.g.; v; |v|; ||v||; v).
      • Example: Calculate the resultant force of two objects using the vector quantities for each; where the difference of sign implies different directions of motion.
    • HS.N-VM.A.2. Find the components of a vector by subtracting the coordinates of an initial point from the coordinates of a terminal point.
      • Example: Calculate the net electric force on a test charge placed in between two objects of the same charge.
    • HS.N-VM.A.3. Solve problems involving velocity and other quantities that can be represented by vectors.
      • Example: Calculate the velocity of a projectile object with an initial velocity of 4.5 m/s after it has been in the air for 3 seconds. In which direction is it moving?
    • HS.N-VM.B.4. Add and subtract vectors.
      • Example: Calculate the velocity of an airplane traveling 650 km/h E with a 200 km/h headwind.
  • A-SSE: Seeing Structure in Expressions
    • HS.A-SSE.A.1. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context.
      • Example: Calculate the total work done by multiplying the net force by the distance traveled; and express this amount in energy (joules).
    • HS.A-SSE.B.3. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.
      • Example: Show how Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy are equal to each other based on the Law of Conservation of Energy; and use this property to solve for the total amount of Kinetic energy for an object that has fallen 50 meters.
  • A-CED: Creating Equations
    • HS.A-CED.A.1. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions; and simple rational and exponential functions.
      • Example: Using the equations for the y-position of an projectile object; and x-position of a projectile object; both based on time; rewrite the equation to solve for the y-position of an object based on time; inputing x-position having been rewritten for time.
    • HS.A-CED.A.2. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales.
      • Example: Use Newton?s Universal Law of Gravitation to compare the Gravitational force between two objects by comparing how an increase in mass directly increases the force; and an increase in distance between the objects decreases the force by the square of the distance.
    • HS.A-CED.A.4. Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest; using the same reasoning as in solving equations.
      • Example: Rearrange Ohm?s law V = IR to highlight resistance R.
  • A-REI: Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities
    • HS.A-REI.A.2. Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable; and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise.
      • Example: Solve for the distance between two objects in space that both have a mass of 50 kg and a gravitational force between them of 0.0004 N.
    • HS.A-REI.B.3. Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable; including equations with coefficients represented by letters.
    • HS.A-REI.B.4. Solve quadratic equations in one variable.
      • Example: Find for the acceleration of an object based on its initial velocity and time in the air.
  • F-IF: Interpreting Functions
    • HS.F-IF.A.1. Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain; then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x).
      • Example: Understand that for most equations involving magnitude values; the domain of the functions is {x | x ? R; x < 0 }.
    • HS.F-IF.B.4. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities; interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities; and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include: intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing; decreasing; positive; or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.
      • Example: Based on the time of an object; sketch the graph of the height of an object in the air with an initial velocity of 10 m/s and launch angle of 25 ?.
    • HS.F-IF.B.5. Relate the domain of a function to its graph and; where applicable; to the quantitative relationship it describes. For example; if the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory; then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function.†Example: If v(t) is the velocity of an object after t seconds; an appropriate domain for v(t) would be positive rational values; since time cannot be negative.
    • HS.F-IF.B.6. Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.
      • Example: Calculate the average acceleration for a vehicle that starts at 25 m/s and comes to a stop.
  • F-TF: Trigonometric Functions
    • HS.F-TF.A.1. Understand radian measure of an angle as the length of the arc on the unit circle subtended by the angle.
      • Example: Calculate the angular velocity of a wheel that rotates 5 radians in 3 seconds. How far has a point on the edge of the wheel moved in this time?
    • HS.F-TF.A.4. Use the units circle to explain symmetry (odd and even) and periodicity of trigonometric functions.
      • Example: Explain how a boat?s motion near the shore - rising and falling with the incoming waves - can be modeled with both a sine wave as well as a circle.
    • HS.F-TF.B.5. Choose trigonometric functions to model periodic phenomena with specified amplitude; frequency; and midline.
      • Example: Create a periodic function to describe the height of a wave after t seconds with a wave height of 3 m and wavelength of 25 m.

School country

United States

School state


School city


School / district Address

4502 N Central Ave

School zip code


Requested competency code

Lab Science Math

Date submitted



Approved competency code

  • LPHY
  • Physics
  • MTH1
  • 4 years of Math

Approved date

Online / Virtual